TMSC International® Management & Leadership: Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivations: How Do Managers and Leaders Balance Them?

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Extrinsic Motivations

Extrinsic motivations come from the outside world. Some call it peer pressure, social pressure, social norms, social values, etc. Many of these terms are looked at as negative. But many of them are necessary for social, moral, and economic stability. The term “pressure” implies that the person wants you to conform to something negative. But in reality, most of the “pressure” is to conform to the “norm” or to become the most “functional”. The highest level of functioning is “success”.

We measure extrinsic motivational success against the outside world, “achievement”, “recognition”, “status”, “promotions”, and “financial rewards”. 

Intrinsic Motivations

Intrinsic motivations come from our inner world. Some call it personal purpose, personal growth, life goals, charity, and social interests. These motivations are not measured against the outside world.

The key is to balance the need for external validation (Extrinsic) with self fulfillment (Intrinsic).

 

Tres Mali Scott, M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., (ABD)