This Title Endorsed in part by: Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting by Tres Mali Scott Pulitzer Center Citizen Journalist 2nd & 3rd Place Awarded Article and Writer
How does population growth affect gender inequality?
- Created on: June 16, 2011
- Last Updated: June 18, 2011
Low fertility rates, high death rates, and emigration are the major factors that cause negative population growth in the Eastern European areas. HIV/AIDS has slowed the population growth in Southern Africa. Globally, population growth peaked in 1962, at the growth rate of 2.2%. By 2009 the 1.1% population growth rate had returned to a little less than the average since 1350 which was 1.8%. The Bubonic Plague, Great Famine and Hundred Years War in 1350 started a continuous population growth rate.
When measuring gender inequality, the population growth rates amoung men and women may sometimes blurr reality. For example, the United States of America is now at war, which increases the death rate. As a result, more women are in higher positions. It then appears as though gender inequality has improved, and has not.
Population growth is measures by the number of people born minus the number of people that die plus the number of immigrants minus the number of people who move away (emigrants). (P=Population, B=Births, D=Deaths, I= Immigrants, and E=Emigrants).
Annual Growth Rate
1989 88.0 million
2003 73.9 million
2006 75.2 million
2009 74.6 million
Projected 2050 41 million
War crimes, ethnic cleansing, and genocide are considered human rights violations or humanitarian aid violations and are major factors causing the projected decreases in population growth. Most countries experiencing a decrease in population growth, gender inequality is openly practiced. Women and children are still seen as property, there are little or no victim protection laws and living conditions are substandard.
In the Caribbean, sex tourism, the mistreatment of girls, women, boys and young men for prostitution increases the HIV/AIDS rates and decreases the population growth rates. These issues are also based on gender inequality. The women caring for the boys and young men are without a husband. Terrorism and para-terrorism also contribute to the population growth rate issues, an increase in terrorist activity in central America is being reported. The Genocide that affected Rwanda is now using medical means, government- backed sterilization. Some of the interviews and articles sound like women are used for reproduction without consent, a form of gender inequality.
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